Effective management is a process designed to enable people to give their best and to get the best from an organisation. Its purpose is to allow the organisation to fulfil its aims and objectives, through the most efficient use of its human and financial resources.
To deliver effective and efficient management, organisations need to have in place appropriate management systems and procedures for ensuring that the necessary functions of management are undertaken in a manner that is appropriate to the size, style and function of the organisation.
Whilst every organisation is unique, and will have its own way of doing things, all organisations’ require certain key management functions to be carried out:
- Managing teamwork and involvement
- Developing and implementing policy
- Setting and achieving objectives
- Managing change
- Managing time
- Managing funding and other external relationships
- Human resource management and development
- Managing diversity
- Managing conflict
- Managing money
- Managing administration and information
Management is not the same as administration (although they do overlap – in particular in small organisation’s) but crucially management involves making broad decisions and ensuring that appropriate systems and procedures are in place to implement those decisions, whilst administration concerns the day-to-day work of running those systems. Administration without management is inefficient and management without administration is ineffective.
Project Management, the management of a discrete and clearly defined activity, is not a distinct form of management; rather it is the application of specific management functions to that discrete activity.
Successful organisations also require leadership. The distinction between leadership and management is not clear, but leadership is critical in providing the dynamic to assist an organisation in developing its long-term vision, to motivate people and give organisations a sense of purpose.
All organisations require a combination of leadership and management, which is appropriate for their particular circumstances.